Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection which can occur in the vagina, penis, mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.

Some men with gonorrhoea may have no symptoms at all. However, some men have signs or symptoms that appear one to fourteen days after infection. Symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhoea get painful or swollen testicles.

In women, the symptoms of gonorrhoea are often mild, but most women who are infected have no symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they can be so non-specific as to be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. The initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhoea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, regardless of the presence or severity of symptoms.

Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. Rectal infection also may cause no symptoms. Infections in the throat may cause a sore throat, but usually causes no symptoms.

Gonorrhoea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus. Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhoea to be transmitted or acquired. Gonorrhoea can also be spread from mother to baby during delivery.

People who have had gonorrhoea and received treatment may get infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with gonorrhoea.

Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of gonorrhoea but not completely as it is high infectious.

Any genital symptoms such as discharge or burning during urination or unusual sore or rash should be a signal to stop having sex and to see a doctor immediately. If a person has been diagnosed and treated for gonorrhoea, he or she should notify all recent sex partners so they can see a health care provider and be treated. This will reduce the risk that the sex partners will develop serious complications from gonorrhoea and will also reduce the person’s risk of becoming re-infected. The person and all of his or her sex partners must avoid sex until they have completed their treatment for gonorrhoea and until they and their sex partners no longer have symptoms.

What happens if I test positive?

Take comfort in the fact that most STIs are treatable with the correct medication. Seeing a doctor at the first sign of symptoms will ensure that your STI will be treated quickly and easily.

If you have any questions be sure to contact our staff at

We also suggest that contact your most recent sexual partners to advise them that they need to get tested.

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